Lord Clark On The Mystery Of Victor Grayson


Victor Grayson (picture: Wikipedia/public domain)

It’s now 107 years since Victor Grayson won a spectacular victory in the 1907 Colne Valley by-election, standing as an Independent Labour candidate. But his life and mysterious disappearance continue to fascinate political historians. His biographer, and one of his successors as MP for Colne Valley, David (now Lord) Clark, was the main speaker at an event about Grayson at the University of Huddersfield last night.

Victor Grayson had a reputation as one of the great and most radical public speakers of his time, and the Pankhursts were among those who travelled to Colne Valley to join his campaign. His success was short-lived and his Parliamentary career ended at the next general election in 1910, after, with the help of a series of drunken outbursts on the floor of the Commons chamber, he managed to alienate just about all his fellow MPs, including those from Keir Hardie’s mainstream Labour Party. Grayson re-emerged after the First World War but was not seen again after 1920, amid suggestions he got himself mixed up with a shadowy Whitehall fixer called Maundy Gregory, a man responsible for co-ordinating the sale of honours on behalf of Prime Minister David Lloyd George.

The evening began with an extremely rare screening of a 1985 BBC2 documentary about Grayson, not thought to have been shown publicly since its original broadcast. It included interviews with Grayson’s landlady at the time of his disappearance in 1920, Grayson’s nephew as well as a New Zealand soldier who had served with Grayson during WWI, and claimed to have seen him in Spain some years after his apparent disappearance. A rather younger looking David Clark, who by this time had lost his seat in Colne Valley but been elected in South Shields, also featured prominently.

Having read and written a bit about Grayson during my time reporting politics in Saddleworth, in particular the 2011 Oldham East and Saddleworth by-election (Saddleworth and ‘Red Delph’ was part of the Colne Valley constituency in Grayson’s day, indeed it was up until 1983), I’d always assumed that the various sightings of him after his disappearance were probably false, and that he’d been bumped off on Gregory’s orders. A common suggestion is that Grayson knew too much about the honours scandal, and may have threatened to reveal it.

However, Lord Clark seemed fairly convinced, both in the original documentary and again in his remarks last night, that Grayson went to ground and was paid off, and continued living in secret under an assumed name. That would certainly explain the various sightings of Grayson recorded in the 1920s and 30s. But a stronger piece of evidence is the fact that somebody retrieved Grayson’s WWI medals from the New Zealand authorities in London in August 1939. If not Grayson himself, this would have to have been a direct and close relative. The only one alive at that time was his daughter, who, according to Clark, had told him she knew nothing about the medals. It strikes me the sightings can be easily explained away, but that can’t.

Lord Clark speaks about Victor Grayson last night.

Lord Clark speaks about Victor Grayson last night.

Lord Clark also revealed that files about Grayson and some of his political contemporaries held by the Home Office still haven’t been released. When asked by event organiser and University of Huddersfield lecturer Stephen Dorril whether his experiences investigating Grayson’s life had informed his later work on Freedom of Information during the first year of Tony Blair’s government, Lord Clark said it had up to a point. But he then added he was concerned it was the media rather than the general public which tended to use FOI today, which had not necessarily been his original intention.

After Lord Clark’s talk, University of Huddersfield history lecturer Keith Laybourn set Grayson’s life in the context of the Labour movement of the early 1900s, then both men took questions from the good-sized crowd of about 80 people. Thanks to all for a very enjoyable evening.

5 responses to “Lord Clark On The Mystery Of Victor Grayson

  1. Iwonepder what made anyone think Maundy Gregory had jurdered anyone at all. He would have been a tough character in 20s Soho, wonder if he ever got sent down or other disappearances connected with him.

  2. I doubt whether Maundy Gregory ever laid a hand on anyone – physical violence was not his field. Getting someone to maim or kill was another matter.
    The Grayson case has fascinated me for more than 50 years and every time I come back to it I am surprised at how little information there is that can be trusted. The delay in reporting his ‘disappearance’ obviously meant the trail had gone cold, but did the police treat the case with the seriousness they should have done?
    IF Grayson was alive in 1939 I am astounded that one of the newspapers had not tracked him down, it would certainly have been a circulation booster! But then the ‘D-notice’ system [or its equivalent] may have meant the story had to be spiked.
    My explanation of Grayson’s vanishing? I have learnt over the years that the most simple explanation of a ‘mystery’ is the right one. I think he died in 1920; Gregory had nothing whatever to do with it and it came about, probably, as a result of a drunken brawl.
    If there are any government files in existence they should be made public at once!

  3. But Eric, people don’t disappear as the result of a drunken brawl, do they?

  4. Was anyone aware that Victor Grayson arrived at the Etaples Camp as the famous World War 1 ‘mutiny’ broke out on September 9th 1917? I have his service records and it records his movements during his breif stint in the war (serving with New Zealand 1st Bt Canterbury Regiment) . I mention it because the BBC broadcast Monocled Mutineer (Percy Toplis story) shortly after their 1985 documentary on Grayson – and the character Charles Strange (stammering northern Socialist firebrand) was clearly based on Grayson – right down to his strking film star looks. Oddly enough Grayson’s disappearing act came just 6 months after the death of deserter Toplis (contrary to popular belief Toplis’s service records don’t exist – everything we know about him has been extrapolated from a medal roll – which includes the Corps he served with and nothing else). I’d post a screengrab of Grayson’s records but not sure how.

  5. I’ve corresponded a few times with Lord Clark in recent weeks. Marvellous book. The Etaples Mutiny does receieve a brief mention. Have also been able to verify that there was a Walter Adams from Wellington in the New Zealand forces (he enlisted the same month as Grayson but not in the Canterbury regiment). NZ MOD said there wasn’t one. He was demobbed in late 1918 (that said, he was not younger than Grayson, but older). Reg Ranby was also with Grayson in hospital in Brockenhurst at the time he alleges. The NZ service records are now all online. I’ve a more complete picture of Grayson and Etaples at the link below. The more interesting stuff is in the timeline:


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